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If Lord Clive laid the foundation stone of East India’s Company’s strong bastion in Bengal, the Wellesley brothers were the architect of the Company’s expansion in India. They constructed the Manhattan of British Empire in India on the theory that Clive had exposed, the latter had shown the weak state of India rulers. In pen and paper the Company was a puny army, but on the field it was something extraordinary capable of routing any attack and competent to face any enemy on the face of India. The Company soon had become a real power in India that no ruler could neglect, and this was the basis for bringing in the most important arrangement that speeded the British expansion in India. The Subsidiary Alliance brought in by Richard Wellesley was an arrangement between the weak and strong. It was something beyond just “protection money” it was a speedy way to accelerate the expansion. If a native state became a part of the alliance they would not be required to maintain an independent force, they would be automatically under Company protection, but not for free, only after payment of an annual “maintenance fee”, and if the native states failed to pay the cash, their lands would be confiscated. Such This way the Company annexed, Hyderabad, Mysore, Tanjore, Awadh, Peshwa, Scindhia, Gaewkad, and so on. Richard Wellesley (known as The Earl of Mornington from 1781 until 1799) devised the plan and it was his Brother Arthur Wellesley’s (later Duke of Wellington)task to execute it, and he did it with amazing skill.
Sumit Soren is the founder of Livelystories. Basically an Agricultural Engineer, Sumit has interest in varied topics. He regularly writes on tribal history, internet and science related topics.